1606 N 600 Rd, Baldwin City, 66006
785.594.2966

COLD HARDINESS

The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which perennials, shrubs and trees are most likely to thrive at a location. The map is based on the average annual minimum winter temperature, divided into 10-degree F zones. Vinland Valley Nursery is located in Zone 6a. Just north of us, Lawrence is part of a slightly warmer island of Zone 6b. Plants listed for Zone 6 down to Zone 2 are suited to planting outdoors in our area. Plants listed for Zone 7 and higher require tropical temperatures and should be moved indoors before first frost.


You can find your exact hardiness zone, dates of first and last frost, humidity and drought maps,
and more by clicking the link below and typing in your zip code.

PLANT MAPS


TYPES OF PLANTS

Annual plants complete their life cycle within one growing season — from spring to fall. Because they have a short life they typically flower for their entire lifespan to produce as much seed as possible to produce the next generation. Some annuals are self-seeding and may reappear year after year.

Perennials grow for more than one year but flower for a shorter duration. Some perennials are short-lived but spread by seed or underground by root so that you may not even notice the death of the original plant. Some plants that are perennials in their native lands (for example, in the tropics) are treated as if they were annuals in our area. A biennial is a flowering plant that requires two growing seasons to complete its life cycle. In the first year, the plant produces roots and foliage. The following year it flowers before dispersing seed and dying.

Tropicals are plants from hardiness zones 7 and higher and love to grow on patios and porches in containers during warm weather, but must be moved indoors when temperatures begin to drop outside of their home range.

Succulents have thick, fleshy foliage that retains water in arid climates and soil conditions. Many succulents are cold-hardy in our area, while succulents from tropical regions are happy to grow as houseplants.

Shrubs are small- to medium-sized woody perennial plants distinguished from trees by their multiple stems and shorter height — usually under 13-16 ft. Plants of some species may grow either into shrubs or trees, depending on their growing conditions. Small, low shrubs are sometimes called subshrubs. Our hardiness zone is 6a or lower for winter survival.

Trees are woody perennial plants with an elongated stem or trunk that supports branches. Again, stick with trees with a hardiness zone rating of 6 to 2 and you’ll be in great shape.

Coniferous trees and shrubs produce seeds without fruits or nuts. Most conifers bear seeds in cones, have needles instead of broad leaves, and keep their needles in winter.

Deciduous plants drop their leaves each autumn. The bald cypress and dawn redwood are two examples of deciduous conifers!

Evergreens can be coniferous (pines and spruce) or broadleaf (holly and boxwood). We carry evergreen trees and shrubs.


SOIL TESTING

Getting a soil test can take some of the guesswork out of gardening by determining the fertility and health of your soil. By measuring pH level and pinpointing nutrient deficiencies, a soil test can provide the information necessary for maintaining the most optimal fertility each year. Most plants perform best in slightly acidic soil (6.0 to 6.5) while others require a somewhat higher acidity in order to thrive. Having a soil test can make it easier to determine the current acidity so you can make the appropriate adjustments to correct deficiencies to select plants that are more naturally suited to your soil type.

The K-State Research & Extension offers this service. Click here for instructions on collecting and submitting samples along with price list and options for different testing packages.


Tree & Shrub Guide
Click for a PDF guide to growing trees and shrubs from Vinland Valley Nursery
A pdf about Butterflies & Moths
Click to open our guide to gardening for local butterflies & moths with plants from Vinland Valley Nursery.
A pdf about growing different kinds of fruit.
Click to open our guide to growing fruit plants from Vinland Valley Nursery

 

 

PDF on Growing Tillandsias
Click here for a pdf about growing Tillandsias

 


Additional Resources

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