canadensis ‘Little Lemon’ (dwarf goldenrod) This native selection is a compact, upright plant growing only 18″ tall and produce dense, golden-yellow flower plumes in late summer and fall. Zone 4
rugosa ‘Fireworks’ (goldenrod) Lacy, radiating bloom spikes of sparkling golden-yellow from mid-September past mid-October. Plants grow 3-4′ high.
rigida (stiff goldenrod) Large, flat medium yellow flower clusters provide late season nectar for butterflies and, later, seed for songbirds. Deadheading will promote additional blooms. Grows 2-5′ tall in sun to very light shade.
Used by long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, beetles, and butterflies and caterpillars of many Lepidoptera species. An important late season nectar source for pollinators.